I shall plan each breeding with the paramount intention of improving the breed. I will select the stud dog and brood bitch with an eye to conformation, temperament, and working instinct and ability, with a careful study of the breed standard, and the principles of genetics. I will not breed any male or female until they are both physically and mentally mature. Before entering into any breeding arrangement, I will scrutinize the pedigree, conformation, and working potential of both the sire and dam, keeping in mind the ideal of the breed. I have an obligation to refuse the breeding if in my opinion; it is not in the best interest of the breed. As a responsible stud dog owner, I understand that should I refuse a breeding. I will fully explain my reasons to the owner of the bitch. I believe that only those dogs known to be free of serious or disqualifying defects should be used for breeding. I will not breed monorchids, cryptorchids, dogs with vicious or shy temperaments, or dogs with serious defects or disqualifications addressed in their breed standards. As a responsible breeder, I will refrain from using a dog that, although free from serious or disqualifying defects, consistently produces afflicted puppies. I will encourage/require the buyers of pet-quality puppies to spay or neuter them.